Scale 1/500 of landscape architecture detailed planning on North - South spatial axis of Vinh Phuc urban area, Vinh Phuc province


1. Location, boundaries and scale of planning research

1.1 Location and boundary:

The research area belongs to the administrative boundaries of communes and wards: Dong Cuong - Yen Lac district; Thanh Tru, Lien Bao, Ngo Quyen, Dinh Trung, Dong Da - Vinh Yen city; Kim Long - Tam Duong district; Hop Chau, Ho Son - Tam Dao district.

The planning scope is along the north-south landscape axis along the Vinh Phuc urban construction planning (from the center of the road to the two sides on average from 26m to 560m), with the starting point at the intersection between the extended Kim Ngoc road and the National Highway BOT 2 (bypassing Vinh Yen city), the destination at Chan Suoi bridge (Km13 National Highway 2B). It is in the overall planning projects of subdivision A1, A4, A5, D1, D2 (scale 1/2000) according to the urban planning of Vinh Phuc urban area and the urban planning of Hop Chau, Tam Dao district (scale 1/5000).

1.2 Scale:

- Route length: Approximately 16.92 km.

- Land area: About 823.01 ha (8,230.100 m2).

- Population within the planning area: About 132,980 people (in which, the current population is about 48,150 people; the estimated population is about 84,830 people.).

2. Objectives and Missions:

- Concretize the approved Vinh Phuc urban construction master plan, the Hop Chau, Tam Dao District urban master plan (scale 1/5000) and the urban subdivision plan A1, A4, A5, D1, D2 (scale 1/2000), Hop Chau urban zoning plan (scale 1/2000).

- Study the planning and organization of landscape architectural space on both sides of the road to create an architectural face for the urban road to meet the general development needs of the area.

- Determine the land use function, planning criteria, technical infrastructure system in accordance with Vietnam construction standards and regulations and approved subdivision planning. Connecting investment projects that have been implemented in the region and between the new construction area and the existing area to meet the requirements of synchronous and sustainable urban development.

- Develop construction management regulations as a legal basis for the formulation of construction investment projects and for authorities at all levels, agencies, to manage architectural planning, construction according to planning, ensuring construction build 02 sides of a civilized and modern road in accordance with the orientation of the main landscape axis of Vinh Phuc urban area.

3. Detailed planning content

3.1. Master plan of land use

The planning structure includes the following land use functions:

- Land for public works with total area: 607,781,1 m2

- Land for offices, administrations and non-businesses with a total area: 128,219 m2

- Land for green park with total area: 682,808,6 m2

- Land for Kindergarten, Primary and Secondary Schools with a total area of ​​​​80,391.5 m2

- Professional school land with a total area of ​​​​314,867 m2

- Technical infrastructure land with total area: 69,397.6 m2

- Technical infrastructure land with total area: 360 m2

- Parking lot with total area: 69,037.6 m2

- Cemetery land with total area: 46,303 m2

- Residential land with a total area of: 1,691,601.85m2 (including: Current residential land: 60,482.9 m2, new residential land: 831,118.95 m2 (including: mixed high-rise residential land: 264,375.35 m2, land) in villas: 64,353 m2, adjacent residential land: 502,390.6 m2)).

- Land of religion and belief has a total area of ​​97,152.6 m2

- Commercial land with total area: 1,283,482.9 m2

- Medical land with total area: 51,819 m2

- Traffic land with total area: 3,176,275.85m2

Summary table of basic technical and economic indicators


Type of land

Area (m2)

Scale (%)


Land for public works




Land for agencies, administration, and non-business




Green park land




Land Kindergarten, primary and secondary schools




Professional School Land




Technical infrastructure land




Technical infrastructure land




Parking lot




Cemetery Land




Residential land




Current residential land




New residential land




Mixed high-rise residential land




Land in the villa




Adjacent residential land




Land of religion and belief




Commercial land




Medical land




Traffic land




Urban main road




Regional road




Internal road




Total area



* Note:

- For the plots of land in the projects that have been assigned to the Investor, the parameters of architectural planning must comply with the content of the approved detailed planning projects of 1/500 scale.

- For plots of land with commercial housing development, the area in the project must be set aside for social housing development in accordance with the provisions of Decree No. 100/2015/ND-CP dated October 20, 2015 of the Government on management and development of social housing and Decree No. 49/2021/ND-CP dated April 1, 2021 amending and supplementing a number of articles of Decree No. 100/2015/ND-CP dated April 20/ October 2015;

- For investment projects that have not yet built works within the scope of planning studies with mixed functions, high-rise houses, trading and services and public works, etc., the area and number of basements for parking must meet the needs of the building itself and the area. The size of the parking lot is studied, calculated and determined accurately in the investment project formulation phase.

- For new low-rise residential plots directly adjacent to the National Highway 2B and extended Kim Ngoc road, priority is given to the arrangement of residential land for resettlement to serve Vinh Phuc urban development infrastructure projects. In case the need to arrange residential land for resettlement is exhausted, it will be considered to use it for other purposes, ensuring the effective use of land and urban landscape.

3.2. Organization of architectural space, landscape and urban design:

3.2.1. Solutions for organization of landscape architecture and urban design:

The north-south landscape axis of Vinh Phuc urban area is identified as the main road of Vinh Phuc urban area, belonging to the area where high-rise construction is encouraged, with advantages in landscape and open spaces (Dam Vac lake, water surface, green park, ...) and intersection positions of traffic routes, associated with spaces to create space, architectural highlights - the main landscape of this route.

- The main architectural axis and route are located on both sides of the north-south landscape axis of Vinh Phuc urban area with works from 9-25 floors high, common high floors on the road surface from 5-7 floors. The "base" blocks - services, commerce, 3 - 5 floors high.

- The works creating features for the architectural space on the whole route are arranged in the following areas:

+ Complex of 25-storey building blocks at the foot of Dam Vac Bridge (belonging to the ongoing project of Bac Dam Vac ecological urban area).

+ Cluster of 7-9 floors high at the intersection between National Highway 2B (Tran Phu Street) and Ring Road 1, Vinh Yen city.

+ A cluster of 25-storey buildings at the intersection between National Highway 2B (Tran Phu Street) and Ring Road 2, Vinh Yen city.

+ Cluster of works under the project of a sports complex at the other intersection between National Highway 2B and Noi Bai - Lao Cai expressway.

+ Complex of commercial service blocks 7-15 floors high at the intersection between Highway 2B and Hop Chau - Dong Tinh.

- Landscape highlights, "open" space - trees, water surface, including: water surface space of Dam Vac lake, water surface space of Cong Tinh lake (under Hoang Quy project), Provincial Museum park area, Vinh Yen city park, Lap lake area, Van Mieu green area, green garden space at the intersection between National Highway 2B and Noi Bai - Lao Cai highway, Tam Dao district square park.

3.2.2. Requirements on spatial landscape architecture and urban design organization:

- The spatial organization map of landscape architecture is only illustrative and suggests solutions for the organization of architectural and landscape space. Ground layout and shape of construction works will be implemented specifically at the stage of formulation of construction investment projects, when designing specific works, it is necessary to ensure land use criteria (land area, construction density, high floors...) and the requirements controlled in the master plan map of land use, construction management regulations according to the approved planning and the requirements of the Construction Regulations Vietnam, Specialized Design Standards and relevant current regulations.

- The construction planning layout should be studied on the basis of analysis of the current conditions of the land site to choose the optimal solution on the layout of the work to limit the negative impact of the sun and wind direction on the microclimate conditions in the building.

- Project requirements:

+ The scale of construction land, architectural planning criteria and construction setbacks in land plots shall comply with the approved detailed planning in accordance with the Construction Regulations. Basement construction works shall ensure that the basement construction boundary does not exceed the red line, the land plot boundary has been determined in the approved detailed planning, organize convenient access to the basement., ensure the requirements of environmental sanitation, fire and explosion prevention and escape when there is an incident as prescribed.

+ In the land plot of each project, the parking area is ensured, as well as other ancillary technical systems is in accordance with the standards. For investment projects that have not yet built works with mixed functions, high-rise houses, trade and services, and public buildings, basements must be arranged for parking, meeting the needs of the work, current and regional needs.

+ Public works and kindergartens must ensure the area of playgrounds and green trees according to regulations and have an architectural work suitable to the use function and landscape. The fence surrounding the work has an open architectural form, does not block the view, ensures the requirements of fire prevention and fighting and escape... Works also have to ensure traffic requirements at the main entrance area of the kindergarten are safe and smooth, organizing internal traffic with the outside network of roads reasonably, without congestion.

+ Low-rise housing projects have diverse but unified forms according to some models, with high floors, roofs, and uniform colours in a row of houses. The main architectural form, lighting, finishing materials, and colours of the work must be suitable to the general space and the use nature of the work. Unifying the form of the fence, with light and airy architecture, not sealed, the height of the floors ensure uniformity on the facades of the blocks and streets (the height of the first floor is 3.6m, upper floors are 3.3m). The extension of architectural details such as roofs, pavements, steps, balconies, couches, and architectural details (ledges, threads, mouldings...) must ensure consistency and interrelation with neighbouring works for each functional area and the whole area. In case a house has a basement, the height of the basement surface does not exceed 1/2 of the basement's height, the underground construction needs to comply with Vietnamese Construction Regulations and Standards and other relevant regulations. Existing residential areas in the study area, built in the style of divided plots, are renovated and embellished, complying with control regulations according to planning and Vietnam Construction Regulations, in accordance with the requirements of the urban area.

+ High-rise housing works, mixed works with modern architectural forms, unified in style; The colour of the building and the materials are suitable for the function of using the building, in harmony with the landscape of the area. Arranging trees and gardens in association with internal traffic in the land area to create architectural landscapes, ensure traffic requirements and fire prevention and escape work, etc. High-rise buildings ensure approx. The construction distance and setback comply with Vietnam's Construction Regulations. It is recommended not to arrange surrounding fences to create an open space for regional activities.

+ Entrance gates and signs in rows of houses must ensure harmony and consistency in relation to size (height, width), architectural form with neighbouring works for each functional area.

- Requirements for green plants:

+ The organization of a green tree system for public use needs to carefully study natural conditions, climate, natural landscape, architectural spatial layout, choose appropriate land and harmoniously combine with water surface and environment. The surrounding field is organized into a system with many diverse forms: lines, points, areas.

+ The green parks are designed with open spaces, creating a relaxing space for relaxation, and at the same time combined with miniature architecture and utilities so that people can practice sports, go for a walk, etc. require ventilation, noise prevention, air conditioning, and lighting, and improve the microclimate. The area of the lake for water drainage shall be ensured to follow regulations and have a flexible solution to create a landscape.

+ The layout of trees in flower gardens and street trees should be researched and designed reasonably on the basis of an analysis of the microclimate conditions of the design land, and appropriate plants and solutions must be selected to create local, national, and modern identity. At the same time, the layout should be reasonably designed to promote the role of decoration, separation, dust-proof, noise-proof, street landscape creation, microclimate improvement, environmental sanitation, heat resistance, and non-toxicity, avoid obstructing traffic visibility and do not affect urban infrastructure works (lines, pipelines, pavement structures, road surfaces), meeting requirements on management, use and compliance Comply with technical regulations on urban green tree planning and design.

+ Plants must meet the following requirements: Trees must be resistant to wind, dust, and pests; Beautiful tree trunk and shape; Trees have deep roots, no floating roots; Trees with green leaves all year round, without deciduous branches or trees with deciduous stage in winter but with beautiful shape, colour and low rate; Does not attract harmful insects; The tree does not have sharp thorns, the fruit has an unpleasant odor; Having a layout consistent with the approved detailed plan.

+ The size of the place for planting trees is regulated as follows: trees in the summer, planting holes in round shape with a minimum diameter of 1.2m, minimum square of 1.2m x 1.2m. Tree species and planting holes must be same on the road, forming a continuous and complete tree system. Do not plant too many trees on a street.

- Requirements for urban lighting and utilities:

+ There are suitable lighting solutions for different functional areas.

+ For technical infrastructure works, it is necessary to have appropriate architectural solutions to avoid affecting the general landscape of the area. The use of modern and civilized technology such as wireless technology should be increased to limit lines and pipes that affect urban aesthetics.

+ Using arts such as sculpture, painting... to organize the landscape space of the building as well as the green space of the flower garden.

+ Arrange small-scale public toilet works (recommended according to the model of socialization), combined with arrangement in green areas, flower gardens, parking lots, main streets, mixed commercial areas, public works ... with beautiful architectural form, in harmony with the landscape space, with an external approach convenient for users to serve the community, build urban civilized culture.

3.3. Planning of technical infrastructure system

3.3.1. Traffic planning:

a) Roads:

* Urban roads:

- The extended Kim Ngoc and Kim Ngoc roads are classified as urban main roads, including the following cross-sectional parameters:

+ The section from the intersection with NH2 avoiding Vinh Yen city to the road leading to Dam Vac Bridge (at the southern position of Dam Vac lake) has cross-sections AA, A1-A1: 80m (including: Main road: 2x11.5m; collection road): 02 lanes x 13.5m; separation: 2.0m; trees 2x9.0m; sidewalks: 2x5.0m=15.0m). Particularly for section A2-A2: 80m (including: Main road: 2x7.5m; collection road: 2 lanes x 10.5m; tram lane 9.0m; trees 2x9.0m);

+ The section from the foot of Dam Vac Bridge (at the northern location of Dam Vac lake, passing through the project of Bac Dam Vac ecological urban area) to the end of Kim Ngoc street (at the intersection with the road to Tay Ho urban area) with cross-section A3-A3: 36m (including: Main road: 2x7,5m; median: 9.0m; sidewalk: 2x5.0m);

+ The section from the end of Kim Ngoc street to the provincial post office has a cross section of A4-A4: 35m (including: Main road: 2x7.5m; tram lane 9.0m; sidewalk 2x4.5m).

+ The section from the Provincial Post Office to Vinh City Stadium has cross section A5-A5; 45.0-49.0m (including: Main road: 2x11.5m; dividing line: 2.0m; tram lane 5.0m; green tree 4.0m; sidewalk 3.5m+11.5m).

+ The section of retaining wall and overpass (railway overpass on Kim Ngoc street) has cross section A6-A6 and A7-A7: 30.5m + sidewalk.

- National Highway 2B is classified as an urban main road, including cross-sectional parameters:

+ The section from the starting point of National Highway 2B (intersection with Highway 2 at Doc Lap) to the intersection of Ring Road 2 in Vinh Yen city (Tran Phu street) has a cross section of A8-A8: 36.5m (including: Main road: 2x10.5m; tram lane 7.5m; sidewalk 2x4.0m).

+ The section from Ring Road 2 of Vinh Yen city to the intersection with Hanoi - Lao Cai highway with cross section A9-A9: 150.0m (including: Main road: ((22.5m + 1.5m)) +24.0mx2=48.0m; collection road: (10.5m+1.0m)+(1.5m x2)=23.0m; tram lane: 7.0m; middle green strip 9.5m; distance from tram lane: 2x3.0m=6.0m; green strip separating from main lane: 2x29.25m=58.5m (section passing through Vinh Phuc gifted school area: 5.25+29.25m); sidewalk: 2x7.5m=15.0m).

+ The section from the intersection with the Hanoi - Lao Cai highway to the intersection with DT.302 has a cross section of A10-A10: 80.0m (including: Main road: 16.5m x 2=33.0m; collection road: 8.0mx2=16.0m; tram lane: 7.0m; divider between 2.0m; divider with tram lane: 2x3.0m=6.0m; divide with main lane: 2x2.0m= 4.0m; sidewalk: 2x6.0m=12.0m). Particularly, the section passing through the green park in Tam Dao district has a cross section of A10'-A10': 80.0m (including: 68m roadbed; Sidewalk: 2x6.0m=12.0m).

+ The section from DT.302 to Rest station (Tam Dao golf course gate) has cross section A11-A11: 42.0m (including: Main road: 11.5mx2; tram lane: 2 lanesx3.5m; separating between: 2.0m; separated from tram lanes: 2x3.0m; sidewalks: 2x4.0m).

+ The section from Rest Station (Tam Dao Golf Course Gate) to Chan Suoi Bridge (at Km13) has cross-section A11-A11: 42.0m (including: Main road: 11.5mx2; median: 11.0m; pavement: summer: 2x4.0m). The last section of the route at Km13 is gradually connected to the road to Tam Dao mountain project under construction (12m cross section).

- BOT route in National Highway 2, bypassing Vinh Yen city, grade is urban trunk road, cross section B1-B1: 100.0m (including: Main road: 11.5mx2; median: 2.0m; strip trees: 2x19.5m; roadbed on both sides: 2x12.0m; sidewalks: 2x6.0m).

* Regional roads (intersection with North-South axis of Vinh Phuc urban area)):

- The southern ring road of Vinh Yen (the road combined with the dyke to prevent water from Dam Vac lake), level is main road in the area, with cross-section B2-B2: 33.0m.

- The route is parallel to the Hanoi - Lao Cai railway, level is main road in the area, with the cross-section B3-B3: 24.0m; The distance between the corridor and the railway is 7.0m.

- National Highway 2 (Me Linh street), level is urban main road, cross-section B3'-B3': 26.0m.

- Ring Road 1 of Vinh Yen city (Nguyen Tat Thanh street), level is urban main road, with cross-section B4-B4: 40.5m.

- Ring Road 2 in Vinh Yen city, level is urban main road, cross-section B6-B6: 52.5m.

- Road DT.310, level is urban main road, cross-section B10-B10: 57.0m.

- Hop Chau - Dong Tinh route, level is urban main road, cross-section B10-B10: 57.0m.

- Route DT.302 to Tay Thien, level is the main road in the area, with cross-section B12-B12: 36.5m.

- Ring Road 5 of Vinh Phuc province (road along the foothills of Tam Dao mountain), level is the main inter-regional road, with cross-section B14-B14: 26.0m.

* Internal level routes:

- To build regional roads with cross-sections from 13m - 17.5m wide, including roadbeds from 7m - 7.5m wide (2 lanes), wide sidewalks (3m - 5m) x2.

- Building access roads with a cross-section of 11.5m -12m wide, including roadbed 5.5m - 6m wide, sidewalks 3mx2

- To build roads adjacent to existing residential areas which have been built solidly and stably with a cross-section of 6-9m wide, including roadbeds from 4m - 6m wide and sidewalks on each side from (1m - 1.5m) wide.) x2 ensure the travel needs of people in the area.

b) Traffic junctions:

- To build another intersection at the intersection between the North-South road and the National Highway 2, the bypass of Vinh Yen city; other intersections between National Highway 2B and Kim Ngoc roads by railway overpass system on Kim Ngoc street (details will be made according to separate projects approved by competent authorities).

- Construction of intersections between roads with regional level and regional roads.

c) LRT tramway: Build a tram system along with existing traffic, with separate lanes located at the road separation. Particularly for the section from Doc Lap to the Provincial Post Office, the tram system is allowed to go overhead (other than the core) at the sidewalk towards the Headquarters of the banking and treasury blocks (Details of route alignment and technical solutions will be determined in the research step of construction investment project).

d) Bus station: No bus stop is arranged before entering the main intersection; the distance between stations is about 300 - 500m and not more than 700m; build stops to pick up and drop off passengers at parking spots so as not to cause traffic jams on the route.

đ) Parking area:

- For works such as mixed-use houses, offices, high-rise houses, commercial centers, public services, parking lots: build at least 1-2 basements to ensure your parking needs building and area. Particularly for low-rise houses, parking spaces must be ensured by themselves.

- Build 01 parking lot combined with a stopover at the area in front of the Tam Dao golf course gate with a total land area of about 18,897 m2 serving Tam Dao tourist area.

3.3.2. Floor levelling, rainwater drainage:

a) Rainwater drainage:

- The direction of rainwater drainage follows the levelling slope, along the planned roads, to the common sewer and then to streams and lagoons. On traffic routes, direct water collection stations are located on both sides of the road. The water collection stations have a distance of 20-30m. Rainwater after entering the station will drain into circular sewers and trenches located under the road or on the sidewalk. The planning area is designed for rainwater drainage system, which are brick trenches B400, B500, B600 with woven sheets and reinforced concrete culverts D600, D800, D1000 to drain water.

- The drainage network is divided into the main drainage areas:

+ In the southern area, rainwater is concentrated and then mainly drains into Dam Vac.

+ In the northern area, rainwater concentrates on Chan Suoi bridge.

+ In Hop Chau and Kim Long areas, rainwater is concentrated to Cuu Yen stream and then drained to Cau Bon river.

- For areas of old villages and existing offices, drainage covers are arranged along the roads of villages, hamlets, etc. to collect rain water and then drain it to main sewers in the area. These specific trenches will be determined during the planning stage of the rehabilitation project approved by the authority.

b) Floor levelling:

- The elevation of the ground plot is designed on the basis of the elevation of the centreline of the road, the elevation of the pavement, ensuring self-flowing surface water drainage, suitable for the division of drainage basins, land use planning and system cross-section of water drainage.

- Levelling elevation of the land area Hmin = 9.35m (at the project of Bac Dam Vac ecological urban area); Hmax = 42.50m (in the area of Hop Chau town, Tam Dao district).

3.3.3. Water supply planning:

- Power supply: Sourced from 3 main water plants, including: Hop Thinh Water Plant (Capacity: 12,000 m3/day), Vinh Yen Water Plant (Capacity: 8,000 m3/day), the plant Dong Tinh water (Capacity: 20,000 m3/day).

- Pipeline network:

+ Construction of Φ90mm-400mm distribution pipelines along the planned roads to get power from transmission lines.

+ Building service pipelines 40-Φ76 along internal roads to supply water to works

+ For buildings with 5 floors or less, water is taken directly from the water supply pipes according to the pressure of the common water supply system. For high-rise buildings (> 5 floors). In case the pressure of the distribution network is not guaranteed, a local storage tank and booster pump should be built at each construction site.

- Firefighting water supply: Along the roads with water supply pipes with diameter of Φ100 or more, it is expected to place fire hydrants in accordance with regulations of fire prevention and fighting agencies. In addition, there are currently two large regulation lakes in the area, and some fire-fighting water intake points are expected to be arranged.

3.3.4. Power supply planning:

- Power supply: Power supply for the Northern region from the 35 KV line, Highway 972 from Tam Dao Intermediate Station; the southern area from the 110/22KV Quat Luu Intermediate Station with a capacity of 2x63MVA.

- Medium voltage system:

+ Constructing 22KV underground cable lines along the sidewalks of horizontal roads to supply power to 22/0.4KV distribution substations.

+ Location of substations (including newly built substations and existing ones moved or renovated) is chosen to be located near the load centre, near traffic roads for convenience in construction and management. but must ensure the beauty of the project.

- 0.4KV low voltage grid: to build 0.4KV underground cable lines along internal roads and in internal road yards of works and clusters of works, combined with existing 0.4kV underground cable network to supply electricity from distribution substations to works.

- Lighting power supply: Build low-voltage underground cables along the planned roads to supply lighting power. The green area will be studied for lighting design in the following stage of implementation.

3.3.5. Communication planning:

- Power supply: from the HOST station at the provincial telecommunications (near the provincial post office) through the main fibre optic cables arranged on Kim Ngoc route.

- Building fibre optic lines along the planned routes to supply information from satellite switchboards to construction sites.

3.3.6. Draining waste water and Environmental sanitation:

a) Draining waste water:

- The planning area includes waste water drainage basins to the wastewater treatment stations in the Northeast, in the West of Vinh Yen, in the center of Vinh Yen and in the South of Vinh Yen. The wastewater drainage system is divided into 04 basins:

+ Basin 1: Wastewater is collected to the D200-D400 system and then to the North-eastern treatment station of Vinh Yen.

+ Basin 2: Wastewater is collected to the D200-D400 system and then to the West Vinh Yen treatment station.

+ Basin 3: Waste water is collected to D200-D400 system and then to Vinh Yen Central treatment station.

+ Basin 4: Wastewater is collected to D200-D400 system and then to Nam Vinh Yen treatment station.

- Along the wastewater lines, manholes are arranged at the location of changing sluice cross-sections, redirecting sluices, at discharge points of works for dredging, periodic maintenance and repair of sluices.

b) Environmental sanitation:

- Domestic waste is collected by trolley at fixed hours or collected into garbage bins and sealed containers with a capacity of 0.4-1m3. The number and location of garbage containers and containers are calculated according to a service radius of about 100m and by the public service unit with the function of transporting to the City's treatment area.

- For the construction area of high-rise buildings, waste is collected from above to the garbage tank of each unit.

- At the green areas and main roads, small trash cans are put with a distance of 100m/can.

- Set up public toilets in green areas and parks. Wastewater of public toilets is collected by separate sewage drainage system and the waste must be treated on site up to environmental sanitation standards according to regulations on solid waste management.

c) Cemetery:

- The demand for burial and gathering of graves in construction investment projects in the planning study area shall be arranged in the concentrated cemeteries of each locality (district and city level).

- Existing cemeteries need to build fences and plant isolated trees so as not to affect the landscape and environment of the area.

3.3.7. Assessment and mitigation of environmental pollution impacts:

- Construction investment projects need to make environmental impact assessment according to the provisions of law.

- During the construction process, it is necessary to have solutions to minimize pollution caused by dust, exhaust gas, noise, vibration, wastewater, sediment and domestic waste generated on the construction site.

- Projects when put into use need to regularly ensure environmental conditions; be monitored, inspected - examined, and immediately handled factors that have negative impacts on the environment according to regulations.

- Having specific policies and programs to propagate, mobilize and educate people about environmental protection; encourage people to use public transport, reduce private means of transport.

- Disclosure of information about surrounding projects to residents in the area and relevant agencies, organize consultations to minimize adverse factors affecting the surrounding area.