Geography: Vinh Phuc Since Its Foundation (1950)
On January 12, 1950, Premier issued the Decree No.3-TTg on “mergence of Phuc Yen Province and Vinh Yen Province into one Province, named Vinh Phuc Province”.
From 1950 to 2008, the administrative units of Vinh Phuc province changed as follows:
- Re-established Vinh Yen Township and Phuc Yen Township to be under Vinh Phuc Province (Decree No. 450-TTg dated February 1, 1955 by the Premier).
- Merged Pho Yen District to Vinh Phuc province (Ordinance No. 268-SL dated July 1, 1956 by State Chairman).
- Returned Pho Yen District to Thai Nguyen Province (Decree No.259-TTg dated Jue 15, 1957 by the Premier).
- Merged Dong Anh District (including 16 Communes) into Ha Noi City (Resolution of the Sixth National Assembly, the fourth Session on April 20, 1961).
- Merged two provinces Phu Tho and Vinh Phuc into one named Vinh Phu Province (Resolution 504-NQ/TVQH dated january 26, 1968 by the Standing Committee of the National Assembly).
- Changed Phuc Yen Township to be Phuc Yen Town under Yen Lang District (Decision No. 97-CP dated June 26, 1976 by the Council’s Government).
- Merged Da Phuc District, Kim Anh District and Xuan Hoa Town into one district named Soc Son District (Decision No.178-CP dated July 5, 1997 of the Council’s Government).
- Merged Binh Xuyen District and Yen Lang District into one district named Me Linh District (Decision No. 178-CP dated July 5, 1977 of the Council’s Government).
- Merged Vinh Tuong District and Yen Lac District into one district named Vinh Lac District (Decision No. 178-CP dated July 5, 1977 of the Council’s Government).
- Merged Lap Thach District and Tam Duong District into one district named Tam Dao District (Decision No. 178-CP dated July 5, 1977 of the Council’s Government).
- Merged Soc Son District and Me Linh District into Ha Noi City (Resolution of the Sixth National Assembly, the fourth Session on December 29, 1978).
-Divided Tam Dao District into two districts named Lap Thach District and Tam Dao District (Decision No.71-CP dated February 26, 1979 of the Council’s Government):
1. Lap Thach District comprises of the communes of former Lap Thach: Bach Luu, Bac Binh, Ban Gian, Bo Ly, Cao Phong, Đao Tru, Đinh Chu, Đon Nhan, Đong Ich, Đong Que, Đồog Thinh, Đuc Bac, Hai Luu, Hop Ly, Lang Cong, Lien Hoa, Lien Son, Ngoc My, Nhan Đao, Nhao Son, Nhu Thuy, Phuong Khoan, Quang Son, Quang Yen, Son Đong, Tam Son, Tan Lap, Thai Haa, Tien Lu, Trieu Đe, Tu Yen, Van Quan, Van Truc, Xuun Hoa, Xuun Loi, Yen Duong, Yen Thach và Tu Du.
2. Tam Dao District comprises of the communes of the former Tam Duong and Binh Xuyen Districts: Đai Đinh, Tam Quan, Ho Son, Hop Chau, Hoang Hoa, Kim Long, Hop Hoa, An Hoa, Duy Phien, Hoang Đan, Hoang Lau, Van Hoi, Hop Thinh, Thanh Van, Đao Tu, Hung Đao, Đong Tinh and the communes: Minh Quang, Gia Khanh, Trung My, Thien Ke, Son Loi, Tam Hop, Ba Hien, Tam Canh, Quat Lưu, Thanh Lang, Tan Phong, Phu Xuan, Đao Đuc, Huong Son, Tam Dao Farm townlet (transferred from Me Linh District).
- Transferred Me Linh District from Ha Noi City to Vinh Phuc Province (Resolution of the Eighth National Assembly, the Ninth Session on August 12, 1991).
- Divided Vinh Lac District into Vinh Tuong and yen Lac Districts (Decree No. 63-CP dated October 7, 1995 of the Government) as follows:
1. Vinh Tuong District comprises one Town and twenty-eight communes: Vinh Ninh, Phu Đa, Lung Hoa, Tho Tang, Tan Cuong, Đai Đong, Tu Trung, Cao Đai, Tuan Chinh, Bo Sao, Vinh Son, Binh Duong, Van Xuan, Tam Phuc, Phu Thinh, Ly Nhan, An Tuong, Vinh Thinh, Yen Biinh, Tan Tien, Vu Di, Thuong Trung, Chan Hung, Ngu Kien, Kim Xa, Yen Lap, Viet Xuan and Nghia Hung.
2. Yen lac District comprises seventeen communes: Đong Cuong, Binh Đinh, Trung Nguyen, Te Lo, Minh Tan, Tam Hong, Yen Đong, Đai Tu, Hong Chau, Lien Chau, Trung Ha, Trung Kien, Hong Phuong, Nguyet Đuc, Van Tien, Yen Phuong and Đong Van.
- Divided Vinh Phu Province by Phu Tho and Vinh Phuc Provinces (the newly re-established province starts working from January 1, 1997). Vinh Phuc Province has its total natural land area of 1,370.73 km2; its population is 1,066,522 inhabitants (in 1997), and six administrative units are Vinh Yen Township and the Districts of Lap Thach, Vinh Tuong, Yen Lac, Tam Đao, Me Linh. Its capital city is Vinh Yen Township (Resolution of the Ninth National Assembly, the Tenth Session on August 12, 1996).
- Divided Tam Dao District by two districts, they are Tam Duong and Binh Xuyen as their original (Decree No. 36/1998/NDCP dated June 9, 1998 of the Government).
- Established a new district named Tam Dao District, comprises the communes of Đao Tru, Bo Ly, Yen Duong (former belongs to Lap Thach District); Đai Đinh, Tam Quan, Ho Son, Hop Chau (former belongs to Tam Duong District); Minh Quang (former belongs to Biinh Xuyen District) and Tam Dao Town (former belongs to Vinh Yen Township) (December 2003).
- On December 9, 2003, Phuc Yen Town was separated from Me Linh District and became as an administrative unit as a commune. The Town has its land area of 12,029.55 ha and nine administrative units, including five wards (Hung Vuong, Trung Trac, Trung Nhi, Xuan Hoa, Phuc Thang) and four communes (Tien Chau, Nam Viem, Cao Minh, Ngoc Thanh).
- Transferred whole Me Linh District under Vinh Phuc province to Ha Noi City with its land area of 4,164.53 ha and 187,255 people (figure of 2008) (Resolution No. 15/2008/QH 12 dated May 29, 2008 of the National Assembly).
- Established a new district named Song Lo District accordingly to the administrative boundary of Lap Thach District (Decree No. 09/NĐ - CP dated December 23, 2008 of the Government).
According to the document No. 189 prepared by Ministry of Home Affairs in about 1948-1951, Vinh Phuc then included 9 districts, 137 communes and 634 hamlets, they are:
1. Binh Xuyen District: 16 communes, 59 hamlets.
2. Đa Phuc District: 7 communes, 53 hamlets .
3. Đong Anh District: 8 communes, 62 hamlets.
4. Kim Anh District: 10 communes, 62 hamlets.
5. Lap Thach District: 26 communes, 96 hamlets.
6. Tam Duong District: 21 communes, 82 hamlets.
7. Vinh Tuong District: 22 communes, 95 hamlets.
8. Yen Lac District: 16 communes, 69 hamlets.
9. Yen Lang District: 11 communes, 56 hamlets.
After that, 4 districts are Đa Phuc, Đong Anh, Yen Lang (excluede Tien Chau commune, now it is under Phuc Ywn Town), Kim Anh (excluded 4 communes: Cao Minh, Phuc Thang, Nam Viem, Ngoc Thanh now belong to Phuc Yen Town) including 31 communes and 133 hamlets merged into Ha Noi City.
In 2012, Vinh Phuc has:
- 9 administrative units at the district level (1 city, 1 town and 7 districts).
- 137 administrative units at the commune level (112 communes and 25 wards and townlets).
(Source: Vinh Phuc Monography- Social Science Publishing House-Hanoi 2012)